New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) Program
General NSPS Information
What is NSPS?
The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1970 required that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) develop New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) for new and modified stationary sources. The NSPS was created in the Clean Air Act, Title 1, Section 111 and Section 129 (Solid Waste Combustion). The regulations are located in Title 40, Part 60 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR).
What pollutants are regulated by the NSPS program?
NSPS establish technology-based standards applicable to criteria pollutant emissions. Some NSPS also target non-criteria pollutants, such as acid mist, landfill gas, and fluorides. NSPS establish the minimum control requirements, known as “best demonstrated technology” for all facilities within a specified category. In addition, some standards developed are directed toward existing sources. These standards, known as emission guidelines, are either adopted by the state within their implementation plan or implemented through a federal plan.
Each standard is aimed at a specific industry and/or emission unit. Each standard includes emission limitations (may include requirements for control equipment), monitoring, testing, reporting, and recordkeeping requirements.
The pollutants regulated in the NSPS program are:
What has been done to reduce emissions?
Some of these pollutants are also regulated within the NESHAP program (Air Toxics).
- Particulate Matter (PM)
- Sulfur Dioxide (SO2)
- Nitrogen Oxide (NOx)
- Carbon Monoxide (CO)
- Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC)
- Sulfuric Acid Mist
- Total Reduced Sulfur
- Municipal Solid Waste Landfill Emissions
- Municipal Waste Combustor Metals
- Municipal Waste Combustor Acid Gases (SO2 and Hydrochloric Acid – HCl)
State and Federal air quality programs have been regulating industrial emissions since the 1970’s. Progress continues as more regulations are developed.
How are the regulations implemented in Nebraska?
EPA is required by the Clean Air Act to review each NSPS subpart every 8 years (5 years for solid waste combustion units - incinerators) to determine if the emission limits, controls, and other requirements need to be revised. When EPA is reviewing requirements, EPA must consider the emission limitations and reductions that are currently achieved in practice.
The NDEQ Air Quality Division adopts, implements, and enforces the federal NSPS standards for much of Nebraska. Omaha Air Quality Control and Lincoln-Lancaster County Health Department are responsible for the air quality programs in their areas.
Who is affected by NSPS Regulations?
The NDEQ will generally wait up to one year after EPA finalizes a regulation prior to adopting the rule into the air quality regulations. The wait period includes approval by Nebraska’s Environmental Quality Council and Nebraska’s governor, and federal court cases (if the rule, or part of the rule, has been litigated at the federal level.) However, Nebraska may choose not to adopt a standard into Title 129, because the source category covered by the standard would never be located in Nebraska. The standards adopted by Nebraska found in 40 CFR Part 60 are found in Title 129 Chapter 18.
EPA Region VII in Kansas City, KS has oversight of the NSPS implementation in Nebraska, Kansas, Iowa, and Missouri. More information can be found on their NSPS website at www.epa.gov/region7/air/nsps/nsps.htm.
A wide variety of businesses, both large and small are subject to NSPS regulations. Examples of affected facilities include: boilers (greater than 10 MMBtu/hr), large storage tanks (storing volatile liquids like gasoline and ethanol), reciprocating internal combustion engines, grain elevators, incinerators, landfills, and petroleum refineries.
The affected facilities subject to the NSPS depends on the type of unit, size of unit, material handled, and date of construction, modification and/or reconstruction. Each subpart will specify the affected facilities subject to each subpart. All sources subject to a NSPS Subpart are also subject to NSPS Subpart A – General Provisions.
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The NSPS Notebook was developed as a quick reference for the NSPS program and the standards that have been issued by EPA. The Notebook provides an overview and resources for the NSPS standards that may affect Nebraska sources. These resources are intended to help the regulated community and public understand the NSPS regulations.
The NSPS Notebook contains applicability information, regulatory citations, amendment dates, related rules, guidance documents, forms, and other helpful information. This table is to be used as an assistance tool to comply with the NSPS regulations. This table is not necessarily inclusive and is not intended to serve as a substitute for being aware of and understanding all applicable regulations.
Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality
1200 "N" Street, Suite 400
P.O. Box 98922
Lincoln, Nebraska 68509